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Women such as Angela Davis; law professor Kimberlé Crenshaw; academics Patricia Hill Collins, Beverly Guy Sheftall, and Bell Hooks; and historians Darlene Clark Hine, Paula Giddings, and Deborah Gray White have greatly expanded the context in which black women and their history and activism are discussed by underscoring black women’s issues related to race, gender, and class.
…is a world-wide network of women committed to peace with justice and actively opposed to injustice, war, militarism and other forms of violence. The next Women in Black international gathering will be hosted by Wi B South Africa (WIBSA).
Those 'high cheek bones' and 'straight black hair' your relatives brag about at every family reunion and holiday meal since you were 2 years old? To paraphrase a well-known French saying, “Seek the White man.” Some 58 percent of African Americans possess at least 12.5 percent European blood.
In other words, our variances in complexion and hair texture are more likely to be attributed to our White ancestry (which most of us have via slavery, even if we cannot trace it back on our family trees) than the "Cherokee" heritage so many of us have been claiming for so many years.
While the dynamics between Native slave holders and enslaved Africans was often different than those that existed on European run plantations, this still complicated the Black/Native relationship in a way that challenges the narrative many of us have embraced regarding that connection, which brings us to… You Do Not Have "Indian Up In Your Family": As Harvard University historian Henry Louis Gates, Jr.
Please let WIBSA know how many women will be attending from your vigil.
Before the Civil War, the Africans living amongst Cherokee people were either enslaved by them or they were free, but lacking citizenship.
In 1866, the Cherokee nation signed a treaty with the US government recognizing those people of African heritage as full citizens.
Hundreds of Africans traveled with the Seminole nation when they were forced to relocate to Native American territory, while some remained with those who stayed in Florida.
The 1835 Census showed that some 10% of the Cherokee people had African blood.
We are a community of racial realists and idealists.